more TreeMap questions (descendingMap, headMap and tailMap)
charlie.hunt at sun.com
Fri May 23 06:11:31 PDT 2008
I have run across a couple cases which may or may not be defects in
TreeMap. Or, it's simply a case where I am not understanding the Java
docs for TreeMap & NavigableMap correctly.
When looking at the Java docs for TreeMap / NavigableMap tailMap() I
read, "Returns a view of the portion of this map whose keys are greater
than (or equal to, if |inclusive| is true) |fromKey|. The returned map
is backed by this map, so changes in the returned map are reflected in
this map, and vice-versa. The returned map supports all optional map
operations that this map supports." More importantly, I read this
method will throw an "||IllegalArgumentException if this map itself has
a restricted range, and |fromKey| lies outside the bounds of the range".
I interpret the latter here to mean if I create a subMap(), headMap() or
tailMap() I have a map which has "a restricted range"?
Assuming my interpretation is correct. I wrote a test program on a
TreeMap containing Integer keys and String values. I populated the
TreeMap with keys 5 - 5000 at every 5th integer, (i.e. 5,10,15,20,25,
.... 4985,4990,4995,5000). And, for each key, I just created a string
such as, "Value stored is -> <key>".
I found if I do a
subMap(Integer.valueOf(5),true,Integer.valueOf(5000),true) I get a
NavigableMap back containing the same keys/values as the TreeMap. If I
then do a tailMap(Integer.valueOf(4850),false), I get a NavigableMap
back containing keys 4855 - 5000 and their corresponding values. All as
expected to this point. If I now do a
tailMap(Integer.valueOf(4850,false) on that last NavigableMap I got back
which contains keys 4855 - 5000, according to the Java doc, I would
expect an IllegalArgumentException to be thrown since 4850 is outside
the bounds of 4855 - 5000. But, this is not what happens. I get the
same NavigableMap back containing keys 4855 - 5000.
I can produce a similar result by taking the same initial TreeMap, doing
a descendingMap() on it. Then, doing a headMap(Integer.valueOf(4850))
followed by a headMap(Integer.valueOf(4850)). I am interpreting that a
headMap(K key) on a descendingMap is essentially the same as a tailMap(K
key, false) on an ascending map of the same underlying TreeMap.
Am I interpreting some completely wrong? Or, is the not throwing of an
IllegalArgumentException expected behavior? Or, is this indeed a defect?
Attached is a simple program which illustrates what I have described.
Java Performance Engineer
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