[9] RFR(L): 8046809: vm/mlvm/meth/stress/compiler/deoptimize CodeCache is full.

Albert Noll albert.noll at oracle.com
Fri Oct 10 14:30:43 UTC 2014

Tobias, Vladimir, Dean, Nils, thanks for looking at the patch and for 
your feedback.

I have adapted your suggestions.

I tried to add a condition to SafepointSynchronize::is_cleanup_needed() 
that returns 'true' if the code cache has less
than 10% free space. Unfortunately, that does not fix the bug. A 
safepoint interval of 1000ms seems to be too coarse
to free space in the code cache fast enough.

It seems that the concept of critical memory allocations (allocations 
that must succeed for the VM to be able to
continue to execute) is broken. For example, we need to compile method 
handle intrinsics (otherwise we get a
java.lang.VirtualMachineError: out of space in CodeCache for method 
handle intrinsic). However, method handle intrinsic
are not critical allocations. For this reason, 
test/compiler/startup/SmallCodeCacheStartup.java fails with a 32-bit client
version. We will get a new nightly bug soon... The current patch fixes this.

I want to keep the removal of critical allocations in this patch, since 
aggressive sweeping (enabled by the VM
operation that forces stack scanning) replaces the concept of critical 
allocations in the code cache. I think
these two changes belong together. If you still want me to, I will do a 
separate change for critical allocation

I removed the corresponding code. It was a fragment that I missed to delete.

CodeCacheMinimumFreeSpace did not guarantee that the VM can continue to 
execute. In the failing test
that is reported in the bug, 500K was not enough to generate all 
adapters. The test can be changed such
that a CodeCacheMinimumFreeSpace size of 1m, 2m, 3m, etc. is too small 
too. What value should we choose?

Also, as noted above, method handle intrinsic need to be compiled to be 
able to continue execution.
Method handle intrinsic are currently not critical, so we must make them 
critical allocations. As a consequence,
we must re-evaluate the default size of CodeCacheMinimumFreeSpace.

The current approach enables very aggressive sweeping, if the code cache 
is 90% full. It is very likely that code
will be flushed from the code cache in the next 5-10 invocations of 
CodeCache::allocate(). In a sense, the remaining
10% can be considered as a 'critical region' that is used as a 'buffer' 
until we free space in the code cache. This bug
proves that the proposed strategy solves the problem better than 

Maybe we should provide the user with control over this threshold, i.e., 
replace CodeCacheMinimumFreeSpace
with a different command line flag that allows the user to specify the 
percentage (currently 90%) at which aggressive
sweeping starts. We could also use a fixed-size. I don't think that 
having two thresholds (the threshold where we start
aggressive sweeping AND CodeCacheMinimumFreeSpace) is necessary.

What do you think?

The performance runs show that waking up the sweeper thread for every 
allocation has a negative impact
on startup time. To fix this, in the current patch, the sweeper thread 
is only woken up, if the code cache is
more than 10% occupied. I will issue a new performance run and compare 
it against b34 (which includes
the segmented code cache).

Here is the new webrev:


On 10/10/2014 11:01 AM, Nils Eliasson wrote:
> Hi, Albert
> Overall a very welcome change to move the sweeper into a separate thread.
> On 2014-10-09 10:24, Albert Noll wrote:
>> The patch also removes CodeCacheMinimumFreeSpace and 'critical' code 
>> cache allocations. Due to a bug in
>> heap.cpp, the CodeCacheMinimumFreeSpace was in fact not reserved for 
>> 'critical' allocations. The following
>> lines produce an underflow if heap_unallocated_capacity() < 
>> CodeCacheMinimumFreeSpace:
>> segments_to_size(number_of_segments) > (heap_unallocated_capacity() - 
>> CodeCacheMinimumFreeSpace)
>> Since the critical part in the code cache was never used for its 
>> intended purpose and we did not have problems
>> due to that, we can remove it.
> Are you sure? The reasons for the CodeCacheMinimumFreeSpace and 
> critical allocations where problems with code cache fragmentation in 
> long running applications, where small compilations would starve out 
> the adaptors and cause VM shutdown. You won't see this other than in 
> the really long running tests. It might be broken - but then we should 
> open a bug and fix it.  (And in the long run we should handle the 
> fragmentation with relocating code.)
> Regards,
> //Nils

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