JIT stops compiling after a while (java 8u45)

Tobias Hartmann tobias.hartmann at oracle.com
Tue Mar 1 10:27:26 UTC 2016

Hi Nileema,

thanks for reporting this issue!

CC'ing the GC team because this seems to be a GC issue (see evaluation below).

On 29.02.2016 23:59, nileema wrote:
> We are seeing an issue with the CodeCache becoming full which causes the
> compiler to be disabled in jdk-8u45 to jdk-8u72. 
> We had seen a similar issue in Java7 (old issue:
> http://mail.openjdk.java.net/pipermail/hotspot-compiler-dev/2013-August/011333.html).
> This issue went away with earlier versions of Java 8.

Reading the old conversation, I'm wondering if this could again be a problem with OSR nmethods that are not flushed? The bug (JDK-8023191) is still open - now assigned to me.

Doing a quick experiment, it looks like we mostly compile OSR methods:
  22129 2137 %     3       Runnable_412::run @ 4 (31 bytes)
  22130 2189 %     4       Runnable_371::run @ 4 (31 bytes)
  22134 2129 %     3       Runnable_376::run @ 4 (31 bytes)
  22136 2109 %     3       Runnable_410::run @ 4 (31 bytes)
Currently, OSR nmethods are not flushed just because the code cache is full but only if the nmethod becomes invalid (class loading/unloading, uncommon trap, ..)

With your test, class unloading should happen and therefore the OSR nmethods *should* be flushed.

> We used the test http://github.com/martint/jittest to compare the behavior
> of jdk-8u25 and jdk-8u45. For this test, we did not see any CodeCache full
> messages with jdk-8u25  but did see them with 8u45+ (8u60  and 8u74)
> Test results comparing 8u25, 8u45 and 8u74:
> https://gist.github.com/nileema/6fb667a215e95919242f
> In the results you can see that 8u25 starts collecting the code cache much
> sooner than 8u45. 8u45 very quickly hits the limit for code cache. If we
> force a full gc when it is about to hit the code cache limit, we see the
> code cache size go down. 

You can use the following flags to get additional information:
-XX:CICompilerCount=1 -XX:+PrintCompilation -XX:+PrintMethodFlushing -XX:+TraceClassUnloading

I did some more experiments with 8u45:

java -mx20g -ms20g -XX:ReservedCodeCacheSize=20m -XX:+TraceClassUnloading -XX:+UseG1GC -jar jittest-1.0-SNAPSHOT-standalone.jar | grep "Unloading"
-> We do *not* unload any classes. The code cache fills up with OSR nmethods that are not flushed.

Removing the -XX:+UseG1GC flag solves the issue:

java -mx20g -ms20g -XX:ReservedCodeCacheSize=20m -XX:+TraceClassUnloading -jar jittest-1.0-SNAPSHOT-standalone.jar | grep Unloading
-> Prints plenty of [Unloading class Runnable_40 0x00000007c0086028] messages and the code cache does not fill up.
-> OSR nmethods are flushed because the classes are unloaded:
   21670  970 %     4       Runnable_87::run @ -2 (31 bytes)   made zombie

The log files look good:

1456825330672   112939  10950016        10195496        111.28
1456825331675   118563  11432256        10467176        112.41
1456825332678   125935  11972928        10778432        115.72
[Unloading class Runnable_2498 0x00000007c0566028]
[Unloading class Runnable_34 0x00000007c0082028]
1456825333684   131493  10220608        5382976         117.46
1456825334688   137408  10359296        5636120         116.81
1456825335692   143593  7635136         5914624         114.21

After the code cache fills up, we unload classes and therefore flush methods and start over again.

I checked for several releases if classes are unloaded:
- 8u27: success
- 8u33: success
- 8u40: fail
- 8u45: fail
- 8u76: fail

The regression was introduced in 8u40.

I also tried with the latest JDK 9 build and it fails as well (had to change the bean name from "Code Cache" to "CodeCache" and run with -XX:-SegmentedCodeCache). Again, -XX:-UseG1GC -XX:+UseParallelGC solves the problem.

Can someone from the GC team have a look?

> Is this a known issue? 

I'm not aware of any related issue.

Best regards,

> Thanks! 
> Nileema
> --
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