RFR (S) 8078438: Interpreter should support conditional card marks (UseCondCardMark)

Thomas Schatzl thomas.schatzl at oracle.com
Tue May 5 12:34:00 UTC 2015


Hi all,

  just fyi, I filed https://bugs.openjdk.java.net/browse/JDK-8079315.

Thanks,
  Thomas

On Thu, 2015-04-30 at 15:52 +0200, Mikael Gerdin wrote:
> On 2015-04-30 12:33, Thomas Schatzl wrote:
> > Hi,
> >
> > On Wed, 2015-04-29 at 18:32 +0100, Andrew Haley wrote:
> >> On 04/29/2015 05:20 PM, Andrew Dinn wrote:
> >>> But then neither is there anything to guarantee that the conditional
> >>> test at T3_a sees the write of 0x1 at T3_b. We know T3_b > T1_a but that
> >>> is all. The mutator and GC thread would have to employ some sort of
> >>> ordering relationship between the write at T3_b and the read at T3_a to
> >>> guarantee that. TSO won't do it. Nor will an stlr at T1_a.
> >>>
> >>> Of course, if the mutator writes the card unconditionally at T3_a then
> >>> there is no problem -- the GC will see the dirty card at the next dirty
> >>> scan. The problem is that the condition test may be based on out of date
> >>> information causing a necessary card mark to be omitted.
> >>
> >> I wondered if a halfway house would work.  Something like
> >>
> >> Mutator:
> >>
> >> T2_a:
> >> o.x = a
> >> membar(store_store)
> >> if card[o >> 9] != 0x0
> >>    card[o >> 9] = 0x0
> >>
> >> There is a release in write_ref_field() but I think it's only used by
> >> mutator threads.  I think there is something vital we don't
> >> understand.  I think the actual collection (and the write of the card
> >> table entry by the collector) happens only at a safepoint.  GC people,
> >> can you help?
> >
> >  From my understanding, the GC thread does something like this concurrent
> > to the mutator:
> >
> > find card[o >> 9] == 0x0 ("dirty")
> > set card[o >> 9] == 0x1 ("precleaned")
> > storeload+CAS+loadstore+loadload // via at least one Atomic::cmpxchg()
> > in the code path for the mutex locking.
> > read o.x
> >
> > Still I believe the code is broken as the load for the card could float
> > above the store. A StoreLoad barrier (in case of enabled conditional
> > card marking) would help I guess.
> >
> > However, that one is expensive, and I am not sure if it would outweigh
> > the gains from the conditional card marking.
> >
> > An alternative would be to disable conditional card marking when
> > precleaning is enabled (basically always) in CMS.
> 
> Yep, I think you and the Andrews are correct.
> For UseCondCardMark to be correct with CMS with precleaning it would 
> require a StoreLoad between the field write and the card table load.
> 
> Another approach to solve this partially would be to change the 
> condition for the conditional card mark from an equality test aginst 0x0 
> (dirty_card_val)
> to a negated equality test of 0xff (clean_card_val)
> 
> In that case we would slightly reduce the number of false-sharing 
> inducing card writes and still survive the precleaning phase since 
> precleaning sets the card to 0x1 (precleaned_card_val).
> 
> /Mikael
> 
> >
> > Thanks,
> >    Thomas
> >
> >




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