RFR (M): 8165857: CMS _overflow_list is missing volatile qualifiers

Kim Barrett kim.barrett at oracle.com
Mon Sep 19 21:28:11 UTC 2016

> On Sep 19, 2016, at 7:43 AM, Erik Österlund <erik.osterlund at oracle.com> wrote:
> Hi,
> This bug is a split out of the larger JDK-8033552 for adding volatile qualifiers to lock-free code.
> The motivation is to make our implementation more robust since these kind of issues have struck us a few times too many already.
> CR: https://bugs.openjdk.java.net/browse/JDK-8165857
> Webrev: http://cr.openjdk.java.net/~eosterlund/8165857/webrev.00/
> This specific CR handles the lack of volatile qualifiers for the _overflow_list fields of the ParallelGC ConcurrentMarkSweepGeneration and ParNewGeneration classes.
> The type of the overflow list has been changed to HeapWord *volatile per Kim's recommendation as an oop variant requires changes to the oop class with new overloads, which seems a bit unnecessary considering the overflow lists are hardly proper oop lists either; it has e.g. sentinel values.
> I went ahead and did the required changes to make the lists HeapWord *volatile, which should make them a little bit more robust.
> Testing: JPRT
> I will need a sponsor to push this.
> Thanks,
> /Erik

There are a lot more casts than I expected.

After talking to Coleen, I think a better solution is to declare these
lists to be "oopDesc* volatile" (rather than my previous suggestion of
"HeapWord* volatile" that was used in webrev.00).

That still dodges the need for additional overloads on the oop class
when CHECK_UNHANDLED_OOPS is true that one gets if the lists are
"volatile oop".  It also removes the need for all the casts to deal
with oop/oopDesc* <-> HeapWord*.  There will still be casts needed for
the cmpxchg_ptr results, but those are needed anyway.

Because of implicit conversions, I think just the "oopDesc* volatile"
change to the list heads might build and run without any further
changes.  However, it might be desirable to change the list
manipulations to explicitly use oopDesc* rather than oop.  Or maybe
even consider introducing a new typedef for oopDesc* for each of these

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