RFR(XL): 8210685: Bootstrap method consolidation

John Rose john.r.rose at oracle.com
Fri Sep 14 01:03:18 UTC 2018


Java uses of bootstrap methods for indy and condy, and is likely to 
further modify them. The code in the JVM and JDK needs consolidation. 

The JDK support code for BSMs is hard to read and maintain. Let's 
clean it up and simplify it. There should be a single BootstrapInfo 
struct in the JVM which expresses all BSM-related state, similar to 
the CallInfo and LinkInfo structs. 

The handshake from the JVM to JDK code is complicated and 
ill-documented. Let's simplify that also. If we regularize all BSM 
paths to use BootstrapCallInfo only, we will lose no generality or 
performance, and make the code easier to maintain and evolve. 
It will also be easier to evolve the JVM specification, with regard 
to bootstrap methods, if new behaviors can be expressed mainly 
at the JDK level, as the behaviors of the JDK processing BSCI 

As part of this, let's remove unused JVM paths and data fields. For 
example, the method_type field associated with the appendix field of 
an indy or method handle call is unused and just adds complexity and 
footprint. Also, while we are simplifying the CP support for such 
call sites, we can rename them to be about BSMs rather than about indy 
and condy, and we can share more indy and condy code in common. 

Let's also move bootstrap argument processing from MethodHandleNatives 
to the pre-existing (low-level, privileged) ConstantPool class. That 
also unlocks the capability for BSMs to gain direct access to CP 

Remove ConstantGroup; it was a bad idea. Instead, merge argument 
access into BootstrapCallInfo, back-ending to ConstantPool. Of 
course, the JVM should continue to pre-load argument lists. 

Adjust BSM argument access: remove copyArguments in favor of reusing 
the List.toArray protocol. Add an argumentRef API for direct access 
to BSM arguments in symbolic form. Also, add invocationTypeRef to 
support pre-resolved types (method and field), so that non-resolvable 
types can be processed. 

The Amber work has uncovered the need for new BSM modes which can omit
metadata (lookup, name, type). Implement this as an open-ended 
"expression mode" to go with the legacy "push mode" and universal 
"BootstrapCallInfo" modes; this gives it some room to grow in the 

About half of this work is in the JVM, half in the lower levels of the JDK. 
New Java APIs can be rolled out over time, but need not be public at first. 

User-visible "expression mode" BSMs will be a feature of this work. 
A separate CCC may be needed to review these user-visible changes,
or it may be "rolled into" the JVM Constants API JDK-8210031, which
is under separate review by amber-dev and compiler-dev:


The present review is for JVM-related changes, including to the JDK
code that manages bootstrap method invocation, which is intimately
coupled to the JVM.

— John

More information about the hotspot-runtime-dev mailing list