Can jdeps resolve unnecessary dependencies?

dalibor topic dalibor.topic at
Thu Sep 8 10:29:10 UTC 2016

As Mandy said, jdeps can't do that. There are other tools that perform 
bytecode engineering, optimization and shrinking that could assist you 
in determining a useful subset of all your application's classes to feed 
into jdeps for further analysis.

dalibor topic

On 08.09.2016 00:42, Waldek Kozaczuk wrote:
> My real question I am in pursuit of answering is this: is it in theory possible to build an automated process that would use jdeps to analyze my app to build a minimal JRE image it would run on? The latter could be done by rewriting rt.jar in Java 8 and using jlink in Java 9.
> Sent from my iPhone
>> On Sep 7, 2016, at 18:34, Waldek Kozaczuk <jwkozaczuk at> wrote:
>> Thanks for your responses.
>> So today I did some experimentation with Java 8 jdeps to analyze how my app.jar depends at class level on other jars and eventually individual JRE classes. I would run following command:
>> jdeps -v -P -R -cp lib/* app.jar # where lib/ contains jars that app.jar depends on to run and libs did not contain app.jar
>> It turns our that jdeps would find and present dependent classes in all jars irregardless if any class in app.jar would directly or indirectly depend on it per "->" references.
>> The good example of it was log4j jar where jdeps showed number of classes that depend directly or indirectly on some java.awt.* or javax.swing.* classes. And I am sure that this app does not requires AWT nor Swing to execute. Is it because jdeps finds individual class dependencies by detecting reflection calls in bytecode of log4j?
>> Or maybe this "greedy" behavior of jdeps is intende and I would need to build a tool that would process its generated dependency graph starting from app.jar and that way find the real subset of JRE it depends on? I am still thinking that jdeps would not be able to show me classes that were called through java.lang.reflect.* constructs or Class.forName().
>> Do my findings make sense?
>>> On Wed, Sep 7, 2016 at 5:03 PM, Mandy Chung <mandy.chung at> wrote:
>>>> On Sep 7, 2016, at 8:07 AM, Sander Mak <sander.mak at> wrote:
>>>>> On 07 Sep 2016, at 16:12, Waldek Kozaczuk <jwkozaczuk at> wrote:
>>>>> Will I be able to take advantage of jlink's ability to produce subset-only
>>>>> image of the JRE even if I do not use new Java 9 modular jars? In other
>>>>> words if my app.jar and other dependent jars are old java 8 ones and do not
>>>>> have any module descriptors will jlink be able to identify only needed JRE
>>>>> modules and produce minimal runtime image?
>>>> Jlink will not be able to do that for you without module descriptors, but there's an alternative solution. First, use jdeps to find all the platform modules your application needs. Then create an image using jlink with an --add-modules <platform_module> argument for each of the identified platform modules. You can then run your existing application with all application/library JARs on the classpath on top of the resulting image.
>>> As Sander said, jlink creates custom image from packaged modules only. You can create a minimal runtime image and your application and other libraries can be put on the classpath.
>>> The open issue of adding link-time support for automatic modules is JDK-8139947 [1].
>>> Mandy
>>> [1]

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