<AWT Dev> RFR: 8198649 : Switch AWT/Swing's default GTK version to 3

Phil Race philip.race at oracle.com
Fri Mar 16 17:34:52 UTC 2018

Bug: https://bugs.openjdk.java.net/browse/JDK-8198649
Webrev: http://cr.openjdk.java.net/~prr/8198649/

This is a very small change to switch the default GTK library loaded
from GTK 2.2 to GTK 3.

Both are supported as of JDK 9 but it still defaults to 2.2 and you use
jdk.gtk.version=3 to switch.

Since only one of these can be loaded a switch is necessary in case
auto-detect fails or JDK get to load its version first, but making GTK3 load
by default will help with SWT interop as shown here  where we load
Swing's GTK L+F followed by SWT

import javax.swing.UIManager;
import org.eclipse.swt.widgets.Display;

public class SWT_Swing {
  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
         Display display = new Display();


/jdk9/bin/java -Djdk.gtk.verbose=true  -cp swt.jar:. SWT_Swing Looking 
for GTK2 library...
GTK2 library loaded.

(java:21435): GLib-GObject-WARNING **: cannot register existing type 

(java:21435): GLib-CRITICAL **: g_once_init_leave: assertion 'result != 
0' failed

(java:21435): GLib-GObject-CRITICAL **: g_object_new: assertion 
'G_TYPE_IS_OBJECT (object_type)' failed


As you can see SWT now cannot work since JDK loaded GTK 2.2 by default
and unlike JDK SWT has no detection code or automatic fall back

But with the proposed change we get no error :
-Djdk.gtk.verbose=true  -cp swt.jar:. SWT_Swing
Looking for GTK3 library...
GTK3 library loaded.

Granted, the reverse problem would happen for apps that depend on GTK 2.2
but that is looking backwards ..

I have also run the SwingSet2 demo in the various cases and it is fine.

We expect to make the same switch for JavaFX.


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