RFR: 6988220: java.lang.ObjectName use of String.intern() causes major performance issues at scale
frederic.parain at oracle.com
Fri Feb 24 08:34:20 UTC 2012
I'm in favor of not adding complexity to ObjectName.equals().
The goal of this CR is to remove a bottleneck created by the use
of String.intern() in ObjectName's constructors. This CR doesn't
aim to optimize the ObjectName.equals() method.
An application can define an optimized method to compare two
ObjectNames based on its knowledge of the patterns used by its
However, there's no simple way to workaround the bottleneck created
by the String.intern() call. The Ops-Center team has experimented
the removal of String.intern() by providing their own implementation
of ObjectName and playing with the bootclasspath, but this is not
a solution easy to deploy in a production environment.
On 2/23/12 8:44 PM, Eamonn McManus wrote:
> I am not sure it is worth the complexity of extra checks. Do you have
> data showing that ObjectName.equals usually returns false? In a
> successful HashMap lookup, for example, it will usually return true
> since the equals method is used to guard against collisions, and
> collisions are rare by design. Meanwhile, String.equals is intrinsic in
> HotSpot so we may assume that it is highly optimized, and you are giving
> up that optimization if you use other comparisons.
> On 23 February 2012 10:52, Olivier Lagneau <olivier.lagneau at oracle.com
> <mailto:olivier.lagneau at oracle.com>> wrote:
> Hi Frederic,
> Performance and typo comments.
> Regarding performance of ObjectName.equals method, which is certainely
> a frequent call on ObjectNames, I think that using inner fields
> (Property array for canonical name and domain length) would be more
> than using String.equals() on these potentially very long strings.
> Two differents objectNames may often have the same length with
> different key/properties values, and may often be different only
> on the last property of the canonical name.
> The Property array field ca_array (comparing length and property
> and domain length are good candidates to filter out more efficiently
> different objectNames, knowing that String.equals will compare every
> single char of the two char arrays.
> So for performance purpose, I suggest to filter out different
> by doing inner comparisons in the following order : length of the two
> canonical names, then domain_length, then ca_array size, then its
> and lastly if all of this fails to filter out, then use String.equals.
> _canonicalName = (new String(canonical_chars, 0, prop_index));
> Typo : useless parentheses.
> -- Olivier Lagneau, olivier.lagneau at oracle.com
> <mailto:olivier.lagneau at oracle.com>
> Oracle, Grenoble Engineering Center - France
> Phone : +33 4 76 18 80 09 <tel:%2B33%204%2076%2018%2080%2009> Fax :
> +33 4 76 18 80 23 <tel:%2B33%204%2076%2018%2080%2023>
> Frederic Parain said on date 2/23/2012 6:01 PM:
> No particular reason. But after thinking more about it,
> equals() should be a better choice, clearer code, and
> the length check in equals() implementation is likely
> to help performance of ObjectName's comparisons as
> ObjectNames are often long with a common section at the
> I've updated the webrev:
> On 2/23/12 4:58 PM, Vitaly Davidovich wrote:
> Hi Frederic,
> Just curious - why are you checking string equality via
> instead of equals()?
> Sent from my phone
> On Feb 23, 2012 10:37 AM, "Frederic Parain"
> <frederic.parain at oracle.com <mailto:frederic.parain at oracle.com>
> <mailto:frederic.parain at __oracle.com
> <mailto:frederic.parain at oracle.com>>> wrote:
> This a simple fix to solve CR 6988220:
> The use of String.intern() in the ObjectName class prevents
> the class the scale well when more than 20K ObjectNames are
> managed. The fix simply removes the use of String.intern(),
> and uses regular String instead. The Object.equals() method
> is modified too to make a regular String comparison. The
> complexity of this method now depends on the length of
> the ObjectName's canonical name, and is not impacted any
> more by the number of ObjectName instances being handled.
> The Webrev:
> I've tested this fix with the jdk_lang and jdk_management
> test suites.
> Frederic Parain - Oracle
> Grenoble Engineering Center - France
> Phone: +33 4 76 18 81 17
> Email: Frederic.Parain at oracle.com
> <mailto:Frederic.Parain at oracle.com>
> <mailto:Frederic.Parain at __oracle.com
> <mailto:Frederic.Parain at oracle.com>>
Frederic Parain - Oracle
Grenoble Engineering Center - France
Phone: +33 4 76 18 81 17
Email: Frederic.Parain at oracle.com
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