RFR(XS): 8201218: PPC64: Avoid use of yield instruction on spinlock

Gustavo Romero gromero at linux.vnet.ibm.com
Tue Apr 10 14:19:00 UTC 2018

Thank you.

On 04/10/2018 06:47 AM, Doerr, Martin wrote:
> Hi Gustavo,
> thanks for the additional explanations. I've pushed it.
> Best regards,
> Martin
> -----Original Message-----
> From: hotspot-compiler-dev [mailto:hotspot-compiler-dev-bounces at openjdk.java.net] On Behalf Of Gustavo Romero
> Sent: Dienstag, 10. April 2018 06:03
> To: Lindenmaier, Goetz <goetz.lindenmaier at sap.com>; hotspot-compiler-dev at openjdk.java.net; ppc-aix-port-dev at openjdk.java.net
> Subject: Re: RFR(XS): 8201218: PPC64: Avoid use of yield instruction on spinlock
> Hi Goetz,
> On 04/09/2018 01:03 PM, Lindenmaier, Goetz wrote:
>> the change looks good, thanks.
> Thanks a lot for reviewing it.
>> Interesting to find that this was never implemented ...
> Yes... they were removed from the text of ISA v3 btw.
>> Will setting the priorities interfere with the thread's
>> priorities that can be set in Java? In that case, re-setting
>> the level might be not correct.
> Underneath Java threads is pthreads and for pthreads PPR has not effect at all
> in the sense that it does not modify any kernel scheduling priority neither for
> the pthread / process that changed the PPR nor for the other pthreads /
> processes. Lowering the PPR priority just makes the waiter use less resources
> and release resources for the other threads (or CPUs) on the same core,
> including for the thread where the holder might be.
> On Linux, the PPR value will be saved/restored across the context switches. Just
> on a syscall the value will be reset back to its default (i.e. on Linux:  medium
> low, 0b011). On AIX I'm not so sure, but I think that on the worst case AIX
> will reset back the PPR to its default value even on context switches.
> Regards,
> Gustavo
>> Best regards,
>>     Goetz.
>>> -----Original Message-----
>>> From: ppc-aix-port-dev [mailto:ppc-aix-port-dev-
>>> bounces at openjdk.java.net] On Behalf Of Gustavo Romero
>>> Sent: Freitag, 6. April 2018 02:23
>>> To: hotspot-compiler-dev at openjdk.java.net; ppc-aix-port-
>>> dev at openjdk.java.net
>>> Subject: RFR(XS): 8201218: PPC64: Avoid use of yield instruction on spinlock
>>> Hi,
>>> Could the following change be reviewed please?
>>> bug   : https://bugs.openjdk.java.net/browse/JDK-8201218
>>> webrev: http://cr.openjdk.java.net/~gromero/8201218/v1/
>>> It avoids the use of 'yield' ('or 27, 27, 27') supposed to yield
>>> up thread resources to another thread once, for instance, it's
>>> necessary to perform a spinlock as in the current code found in
>>> the following functions:
>>> MacroAssembler::rtm_retry_lock_on_abort()
>>> MacroAssembler::rtm_retry_lock_on_busy()
>>> because 'yield' has no effect on POWER processors, being treat as
>>> a 'nop' instruction and taking no action over the PPR (Program
>>> Priority Register).
>>> Instead of 'yield' 'or 1, 1, 1' instruction is used to set thread
>>> priority to low before entering the spin loop in
>>> rtm_retry_lock_on_busy and a proper 'or' instruction is used after
>>> leaving the spin loop in order to set thread priority back to its
>>> default value in userspace (to restore it).
>>> The default value in PPR's PRI field in userspace, unfortunately,
>>> is different on Linux and AIX: on Linux default is 0b011
>>> (medium low) [1] whilst on AIX default is 0b100 (medium / aka
>>> normal) [2], so for each case a different 'or' is present
>>> immediately after leaving the loop.
>>> Before entering the loop, after discussing with the PPC Linux
>>> team, the recommendation is the following rule of thumb:
>>> - For known long delays (about u/mseconds) use 'very low';
>>> - For shorter delays use just 'low' priority.
>>> So I selected 'low' priority for the spinlock in question.
>>> ISA in fact states that "if a program is waiting on a lock, it
>>> could set low priority", but it's not clear from the text if
>>> it means low in general sense or indeed 'low' (0b010), so I'm
>>> using 'low' before entering the loop based upon the rule above.
>>> Finally, 'yield' was removed from rtm_retry_lock_on_abort in
>>> order to avoid that the program execution leaves that function
>>> with PPR set as 'low' since it's possible to "escape" from that
>>> function without ever resetting the PPR back to it's default
>>> value in userspace.
>>> Thank you and best regards,
>>> Gustavo
>>> [1]
>>> https://github.com/torvalds/linux/blob/master/arch/powerpc/include/asm/
>>> processor.h#L32
>>> [2]
>>> https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/ssw_aix_71/com.ibm.
>>> aix.ktechrf1/thread_set_smt_priority.htm

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