Crash on super large heap size using CMS and it's fix

M豪(Hal) mo_jianhao at hotmail.com
Wed Sep 12 01:00:15 UTC 2012


Hi all,


This is Hal Mo<kungu.mjh at taobao.com> from Alibaba Group(with OCA).



Our hadoop namenode crashed, when we set the heap size to 135G using CMS GC.
Attached please find the crash log(hs_err_pid.log).



I can steadily reproduce the crash on a test machine with 190G physical memory, by a simple command:
$ java -Xmx135g -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC



Then I build a debug jvm and use gdb to debug the problem.




call stack




C  [libc.so.6+0x7a9b0]  memset+0x40
V  [libjvm.so+0x2b6c42]  BlockOffsetArray::set_remainder_to_point_to_start_incl(unsigned long, unsigned long, bool)+0xce
V  [libjvm.so+0x2b7043]  BlockOffsetArray::set_remainder_to_point_to_start(HeapWord*, HeapWord*, bool)+0x71
V  [libjvm.so+0x2b728d]  BlockOffsetArray::BlockOffsetArray(BlockOffsetSharedArray*, MemRegion, bool)+0x9f
V  [libjvm.so+0x3c089f]  BlockOffsetArrayNonContigSpace::BlockOffsetArrayNonContigSpace(BlockOffsetSharedArray*, MemRegion)+0x37
V  [libjvm.so+0x3be56f]  CompactibleFreeListSpace::CompactibleFreeListSpace(BlockOffsetSharedArray*, MemRegion, bool, FreeBlockDictionary::DictionaryChoice)+0x9b
V  [libjvm.so+0x3fd2e1]  ConcurrentMarkSweepGeneration::ConcurrentMarkSweepGeneration(ReservedSpace, unsigned long, int, CardTableRS*, bool, FreeBlockDictionary::DictionaryChoice)+0x1df
V  [libjvm.so+0x4dc03e]  GenerationSpec::init(ReservedSpace, int, GenRemSet*)+0x37c
V  [libjvm.so+0x4ced40]  GenCollectedHeap::initialize()+0x510
V  [libjvm.so+0x7c23c3]  Universe::initialize_heap()+0x31d
V  [libjvm.so+0x7c27ec]  universe_init()+0xa6
V  [libjvm.so+0x5056e2]  init_globals()+0x34
V  [libjvm.so+0x7ac926]  Threads::create_vm(JavaVMInitArgs*, bool*)+0x23a
V  [libjvm.so+0x53f3d4]  JNI_CreateJavaVM+0x7a





in function BlockOffsetArray::set_remainder_to_point_to_start_inc, inside the for loop:

    size_t reach = start_card - 1 + (power_to_cards_back(i+1) - 1);

when i = 7, the value of reach was 0. then the loop could not break, and 

    _array->set_offset_array(start_card_for_region, reach, offset, reducing);

accessed the wrong address, and crashed.



the root cause was 
static size_t power_to_cards_back(uint i) {
    return (size_t)(1 << (LogBase * i));
}
the literal 1 is a 32bit int, and 1<<32 overflow. 






Here was my fix(has been tested), also found in attached file cms_large_heap_crash.patch



+++ b/src/share/vm/memory/blockOffsetTable.hpp

@@ -289,7 +289,7 @@

};



static size_t power_to_cards_back(uint i) {

- return (size_t)(1 << (LogBase * i));

+ return (size_t)1 << (LogBase * i);

}

static size_t power_to_words_back(uint i) {

return power_to_cards_back(i) * N_words;



Contributed-by: Hal Mo <kungu.mjh at taobao.com> 




Similar situation also found in G1, but the size is mega(2^20) based. 2^(32+20) is too large to overflow.



Krystal remind me, this changeset cover the same code, http://hg.openjdk.java.net/hsx/hotspot-gc/hotspot/rev/c3a720eefe82 
 .
I do not  build it on visual studio, someone please help to review the compatibility with VS.



Regards,



Hal 		 	   		  
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