Request for review (M): 8002144: G1: large number of evacuation failures may lead to large c heap memory usage

Bengt Rutisson bengt.rutisson at
Fri Feb 1 15:10:03 UTC 2013

Hi all,

Could I have a couple of reviews for this change?

For the evacuation failure handling in G1 we need to store the mark word 
for objects that we self-forward. We store these mark words in two 
GrowableArrays. The problem is that if we have a lot of objects that 
need to be self-forwarded we will add a lot of entries to the 
GrowableArrays. These arrays will double in size when they get full. 
Worst case these arrays can require more consecutive free memory than is 
available in the OS malloc heap.

I have a test (ManyObjects) that runs out of native memory on Windows 32 
bit platforms because of this issue. We want to double from 10MB to 20MB 
when we hit native out of memory.

My fix for this will reduce the risk for native out of memory. Instead 
of doubling the size I introduce a chunked data structure that will only 
malloc one new chunk when it gets full. This requires less consecutive 
memory. It also has the nice side effect that we don't have to copy the 
entries when we need more memory.

Without this fix I get native out of memory about every three runs of 
the test. With this fix the test has been running for several days and 
more than 5600 iterations.

The chunk size is variable but has a max limit. I use 40 entries as 
initial size since this is what the GrowableArrays used. I picked 10000 
as the maximum size. The value 10000 can probably be tuned further, but 
100000 was too much (I still got native OOME) and 10000 works fine.

I have been comparing GC pause times with and without my fix for the 
ManyObjects test. I don't see any large differences in the pause times. 
This will only affect performance for runs that have a lot of evacuation 
failures. These runs will benefit form the fact that we don't have to do 
as much copying as before, but they will also do several more mallocs 
compared to before my fix. The runs I've done indicate that this evens 
out. I can't see any large differences.

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