[PATCH] Exploit Empty Regions in Young Gen to Enhance PS Full GC Performance

Haoyu Li leihouyju at gmail.com
Mon Sep 16 13:54:19 UTC 2019

Hi Stefan,

Thanks for getting back to me! I have ported the optimization to JDK 14 and
the new patch is attached in this mail.

As to the command lines in our evaluation, basically, we run the benchmarks
with flags including *-Xmx<heap_size>
-XX:ParallelGCThreads=32 -XX:+UseParallelGC -XX:-ScavengeBeforeFullGC
-Xlog:gc.* We set the maximum heap size for each benchmark to 3X of their
minimum heap size and the amount of GC threads to 32 because our machine
has 32 physical cores. Full command lines for all benchmarks can be found
in the attached file *evaluation.sh*.

I am more than happy to have any feedback. Thanks for reviewing this patch!

Best Regrads,
Haoyu Li,
Institute of Parallel and Distributed Systems(IPADS),
School of Software,
Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Stefan Johansson <stefan.johansson at oracle.com> 于2019年9月12日周四 上午5:34写道:

> Hi Haoyu,
> I recently came across your patch and I would like to pick up on some of
> the things Kim mentioned in his mails. I especially want evaluate
> and investigate if this is a technique we can use to improve the other GCs
> as well. To start that work I want to take the patch for a spin in our
> internal performance testing. The patch doesn’t apply clean to the latest
> JDK repository, so if you could provide an updated patch that would be very
> helpful.
> It would also be great if you could share some more information around the
> results presented in the paper. For example, it would be good to get the
> full command lines for the different benchmarks so we can run them locally
> and reproduce the results you’ve seen.
> Thanks,
> Stefan
> 12 mars 2019 kl. 03:21 skrev Haoyu Li <leihouyju at gmail.com>:
> Hi Kim,
> Thanks for reviewing and testing the patch. If there are any failures or
> performance degradation relevant to the work, please let me know and I'll
> be very happy to keep improving it. Also, any suggestions about code
> improvements are well appreciated.
> I'm not quite sure if both G1 and Shenandoah have the similar region
> dependency issue, since I haven't studied their GC behaviors before. If
> they have, I'm also willing to propose a more general optimization.
> As to the memory overhead, I believe it will be low because this patch
> exploits empty regions in the young space rather than off-heap memory to
> allocate shadow regions, and also reuses the *_source_region* field of
> each *RegionData *to record the correspongding shadow region index. We
> only introduce a new integer filed *_shadow *in the RegionData class to
> indicate the status of a region, a global *GrowableArray _free_shadow* to
> store the indices of shadow regions, and a global *Monitor* to protect
> the array. These information might help if the memory overhead need to be
> evaluated.
> Looking forward to your insight.
> Best Regrads,
> Haoyu Li,
> Institute of Parallel and Distributed Systems(IPADS),
> School of Software,
> Shanghai Jiao Tong University
> Kim Barrett <kim.barrett at oracle.com> 于2019年3月12日周二 上午6:11写道:
>> > On Mar 11, 2019, at 1:45 AM, Kim Barrett <kim.barrett at oracle.com>
>> wrote:
>> >
>> >> On Jan 24, 2019, at 3:58 AM, Haoyu Li <leihouyju at gmail.com> wrote:
>> >>
>> >> Hi Kim,
>> >>
>> >> I have ported my patch to OpenJDK 13 according to your instructions in
>> your last mail, and the patch is attached in this mail. The patch does not
>> change much since PSGC is indeed pretty stable.
>> >>
>> >> Also, I evaluate the correctness and performance of PS full GC with
>> benchmarks from DaCapo, SPECjvm2008, and JOlden suits on a machine with
>> dual Intel Xeon E5-2618L v3 CPUs(16 physical cores), 64G DRAM and linux
>> kernel 4.17. The evaluation result, indicating 1.9X GC throughput
>> improvement on average, is attached, too.
>> >>
>> >> However, I have no idea how to further test this patch for both
>> correctness and performance. Can I please get any guidance from you or some
>> sponsor?
>> >
>> > Sorry I missed that you had sent an updated version of the patch.
>> >
>> > I’ve run the full regression suite across Oracle-supported platforms.
>> There are some
>> > failures, but there are almost always some failures in the later tiers
>> right now.  I’ll start
>> > looking at them tomorrow to figure out whether any of them are relevant.
>> >
>> > I’m also planning to run some of our performance benchmarks.
>> >
>> > I’ve lightly skimmed the proposed changes.  There might be some code
>> improvements
>> > to be made.
>> >
>> > I’m also wondering if this technique applies to other collectors.  It
>> seems like both G1 and
>> > Shenandoah full gc’s might have similar issues?  If so, a solution that
>> is ParallelGC-specific
>> > is less interesting than one that has broader applicability.  Though
>> maybe this optimization
>> > is less important for G1 and Shenandoah, since they actively try to
>> avoid full gc’s.
>> >
>> > I’m also not clear on how much additional memory might be temporarily
>> allocated by this
>> > mechanism.
>> I’ve created a CR for this:
>> https://bugs.openjdk.java.net/browse/JDK-8220465
-------------- next part --------------
A non-text attachment was scrubbed...
Name: shadow-region.patch
Type: text/x-patch
Size: 23652 bytes
Desc: not available
URL: <https://mail.openjdk.java.net/pipermail/hotspot-gc-dev/attachments/20190916/34fae46e/shadow-region.patch>

More information about the hotspot-gc-dev mailing list