RFR: 8256390: ZGC: Relocate in-place instead of having a heap reserve

Per Liden pliden at openjdk.java.net
Mon Nov 16 14:42:24 UTC 2020

The heap reserve is a portion of the heap that is set aside to cope with “emergency situations”, like when ZGC needs to compact the heap when it’s already full. However, due to a number of factors (mutator relocation, page pinning, etc) there is no guarantee that relocation will always succeed. In fact, we can end up in situations where we fail to reclaim memory even when 90% of the heap is garbage (JDK-8254346 is an example of where this happens).

So, even if the heap reserve serves its purpose well in most cases, it still doesn't offer any guarantees that relocation succeeds in all cases. To get the guarantees we want we could, instead of having a heap reserve, turn to doing in-place relocation. In other words, if a worker fails to allocate a new page, then it compacts the page currently being relocated, and then use that page as the target for new allocations. In addition, if a mutator fails to relocate an object, then it waits for a worker to relocate the object, instead of pinning the page. This patch does exactly that, and hence makes ZGC more resilient in situations where memory is scares. It also means that ZGC works even better when using small heap (where memory tends to be scares).

Testing: Tier1-7 on linux-x64, Tier-1-3 on all Oracle platforms, 50+ runs of gc-test-suite on linux-x64 (both with and without `-XX:+ZStressRelocateInPlace`).


Commit messages:
 - 8256390: ZGC: Relocate in-place instead of having a heap reserve

Changes: https://git.openjdk.java.net/jdk/pull/1228/files
 Webrev: https://webrevs.openjdk.java.net/?repo=jdk&pr=1228&range=00
  Issue: https://bugs.openjdk.java.net/browse/JDK-8256390
  Stats: 1355 lines in 35 files changed: 661 ins; 404 del; 290 mod
  Patch: https://git.openjdk.java.net/jdk/pull/1228.diff
  Fetch: git fetch https://git.openjdk.java.net/jdk pull/1228/head:pull/1228

PR: https://git.openjdk.java.net/jdk/pull/1228

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