RFR: 8074895: os::getenv is inadequate

David Holmes david.holmes at oracle.com
Fri Mar 13 00:12:31 UTC 2015

On 13/03/2015 6:31 AM, Jeremy Manson wrote:
> On Wed, Mar 11, 2015 at 7:39 PM, David Holmes <david.holmes at oracle.com
> <mailto:david.holmes at oracle.com>> wrote:
>     On 11/03/2015 7:08 AM, Jeremy Manson wrote:
>         I'd like you to do a code review, please.  Original discussion:
>         http://mail.openjdk.java.net/__pipermail/serviceability-dev/__2015-March/016851.html
>         <http://mail.openjdk.java.net/pipermail/serviceability-dev/2015-March/016851.html>
>         Per this discussion, I'm just getting rid of the os::getenv
>         interface, and using straight getenv() everywhere.
>         Bug:
>         https://bugs.openjdk.java.net/__browse/JDK-8074895
>         <https://bugs.openjdk.java.net/browse/JDK-8074895>
>         Webrev:
>         http://cr.openjdk.java.net/~__jmanson/8074895/webrev.00/
>         <http://cr.openjdk.java.net/~jmanson/8074895/webrev.00/>
>     In arguments.cpp the headless property setting could have been left
>     using a local buffer rather than introducing NEW_C_HEAP_ARRAY. The
>     value should only be true or false so there's no size issue
>     regarding the local buffer.
> Will do, but I won't bother with the rev until you tell me what to do with:
>     3566   if ((buffer = os::strdup(buffer)) == NULL) {
>     3567     return JNI_OK;
>     3568   }
>     So this silently hides failures?
> Yes.  Is there a best practice in Hotspot when you fail to allocate
> memory?  I haven't noticed it, but I'm happy to, for example, die horribly.

At this stage of the VM initialization we should be trying to be a good 
citizen and simply return JNI_ENOMEM, which will eventually make its way 
back to the caller of CreateJavaVM.

Which also means your use of NEW_C_HEAP_ARRAY also needs changing as it 
will abort the VM. You want to use NEW_C_HEAP_ARRAY_RETURN_NULL and if 
NULL then return JNI_ENOMEM.

>     The only minor concern I have is whether
>     os::print_environment___variables is now susceptible to any issues
>     caused by arbitrarily long environment variables? But I suspect
>     there is already a maximum permitted length for environment variables.
> Which issues did you have in mind?  I guess if you were printing to a
> string, the string would have to use extra memory.  But the getenv() was
> being called anyway, so that's not much of an issue.

I was wondering if an absurdly long environment variable value could 
overflow some other internal buffer somewhere.

>     Also you could now do the same for os::unsetenv :)
> Sadly, that really *does* seem undefined on Windows, AFAICT.

Yeah they use _putenv with an empty value to remove the variable.


> Jeremy
>     Thanks,
>     David
>         Jeremy

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