State of lambda forms stealing stack frames?

Jochen Theodorou blackdrag at
Tue Jan 7 08:11:22 PST 2014

Am 07.01.2014 15:35, schrieb Paul Sandoz:
> Hi,
> One can slightly improve the situation by doing the following before a fib with a larger value:
> // 30 is the compile threshold for lambda forms
> for (int i = 0; i < 30); i++) {
>    fib(10)
> }
> // 10000 is the inlining threshold
> for (int i = 0; i < (30 + 10000); i++) {
>    fib(10)
> }
> Although that does not really help matters, just might be interesting in terms of behaviour.

that of course helps.

> AFAICT between calls to fib there are about 3 invoke dynamic instructions and each of those have method handles with fairly substantial lamba forms (suggesting lots of MH chaining), contributing ~ 334 stack frames between the first fib call and the next (see below).
> There seems to be some repetition going on. This might indicate some optimizations might be possible from within the org.codehaus.groovy.vmplugin.v7.IndyInterface.bootstrap code.

reducing the trace quite a bit:

>> 	  at Fib.fib(Fib.groovy:-1)
>> 	  at org.codehaus.groovy.vmplugin.v7.IndyInterface.selectMethod(
>> 	  at Fib.memoizedMethodPriv$fibBigInteger(Fib.groovy:3)
>> 	  at org.codehaus.groovy.vmplugin.v7.IndyInterface.selectMethod(
>> 	  at Fib$_closure1.doCall(Fib.groovy:-1)
>> 	  at org.codehaus.groovy.runtime.memoize.Memoize$
>> 	  at org.codehaus.groovy.vmplugin.v7.IndyInterface.selectMethod(
>> 	  at Fib.fib(Fib.groovy:-1)

so fib calls dynamically into Memoize$, which will 
call (not with invokedynamic) Fib$_closure1.doCall, which dynamically 
calls Fib.memoizedMethodPriv$fibBigInteger, which makes the call to Fib.fib

fib is a dummy for being able to call the fib method normally (for 
example from Java). memoizedMethodPriv$fibBigInteger is the real fib 
method, transformed for the purposes of memoization. Memoization here 
works by using a Closure only and no handle, since that is a non jdk7/8 
exclusive version.

Anyway... the situation could surely be improved by moving some code 
directly into the callsite for memoizedMethodPriv$fibBigInteger in fib. 
And that surely would reduce the problem.

But the point is that this kind of solution is specialized to the 
current problem and my current fear is, that this kind of code will 
appear more often if a Groovy based system gets bigger. Is there a 
switch to set the "compile threshold for lambda forms"?

bye Jochen

Jochen "blackdrag" Theodorou - Groovy Project Tech Lead
german groovy discussion newsgroup: de.comp.lang.misc
For Groovy programming sources visit

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