JDK 1.8.0 33/40, diacritics and file problems

Fabrizio Giudici Fabrizio.Giudici at tidalwave.it
Fri Apr 24 23:39:15 UTC 2015

Ok, I've run into many problems in the past with diacritics, as there were  
some JDK problems, but I supposed they were all fixed today. But perhaps  
there's something I'm not understanding.

I've several files with diacritics in their name, let's say e.g. "La  
Cathédrale Engloutie.m4a". A catalog contains their names, and it has been  
prepared on Mac OS X, JDK 1.8.0_40 and saved with UTF-8 encoding. The  
catalog is read, of course specifying UTF-8 as encoding, on the Raspberry  
PI Rasbian with JDK 1.8.0_33. Everything is correct as I see the proper  
characters in the UI and logfiles.

The problem arises when I try to open a file with diacritics (this doesn't  
happen with all files with diacritics in their name, only with some): I  
get an exception because the file name is not found (both with io and  
nio). Thanks to some suggestions, I made it work by passing the file name  
through Paths.get(Normalizer.normalize(path.toString(), NFD)). This  
transforms the initial encoding for the é from c3 a9 (doesn't work) to 65  
cc 81.

Now, first I don't understand why I have to take care of this. I'm aware  
that different file systems use different encodings, but I supposed that  
all the conversions were done by the JVM. BTW, both systems are configured  


The Java system properties are:

file.encoding: UTF-8
file.encoding.pkg: sun.io
sun.io.unicode.encoding: UnicodeLittle (ARM) sun.io.unicode.encoding:  
UnicodeBig (Mac)
sun.jnu.encoding: UTF-8

The files on the ARM were rsynced from the Mac. I'm not sure that  
LC_ALL/LANG/whatever were already set when the rsync was performed.

If it's correct that I have to deal with it, is there any official  
documentation I can reference? BTW, I'm not aware of why the NFD  
normalisation is the one who works, and not one of the other three.


Fabrizio Giudici - Java Architect @ Tidalwave s.a.s.
"We make Java work. Everywhere."
http://tidalwave.it/fabrizio/blog - fabrizio.giudici at tidalwave.it

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