Re: Value types - compatibility with existing “value objects”

Palo Marton palo.marton at gmail.com
Thu Jan 8 16:17:45 UTC 2015


I see your point and may be I'm too late with what I wanted to suggest.
I know that you need to have good foundation for this, but this foundation
will probably greatly influence possible future solution to value
object/type compatibility.

I will try to write down some general outline of my idea on how to
implement value types and achieve this compatibility. It is very close to
current proposal in its syntax, memory layout, value array implementation
and it will probably work also with generic specialization. Where it
differs is how is value type defined in class file and in method/field
descriptors containing value type. (and it will also cause some change to
vftable).

It also addresses this (I think serious) problem in current proposal:


   -

   “Value types” seem to assume that you will use it just for small types
   and you will implement bigger types as objects (with different syntax). In
   practice this might be a problem. E.g. in computer graphics/vision you have
   vectors of various dimensions (2,3,4), matrices of various dimensions
   (2x2,2x3,3x3,4x3,4x4) and other similar immutable types. Having different
   syntax for these based on the size (2x2 matrix of floats is value type, but
   4x4 matrix of float or 2x2 matrix of doubles should be object) will be
   really cumbersome.




On Thu, Jan 8, 2015 at 5:02 PM, Brian Goetz <brian.goetz at oracle.com> wrote:

> Like many questions we get here, this is a fine question which has
> basically arrived at the wrong time, so we're going to ignore it for a
> while.  Not because it's not important -- it is!  But because you have to
> pour the foundation before you can paint.  And the foundational work is
> occupying all of our attention right now.
>
> Of course migrating existing value-based classes is a highly desirable
> thing and it will definitely be on our mind as we work through the more
> foundational aspects.  String may in the end be a lost cause -- I guarantee
> you there is plenty of mission-critical code out there that synchronizes on
> strings -- but there are plenty of value-based classes in the JDK that
> could benefit from such a treatment and might be less problematic to
> convert.
>
> This is already on the "to think about next year" list, but since the "to
> think about this year" list is already several years long, we probably
> won't get to it for a while.
>
> On 1/8/2015 9:51 AM, Palo Marton wrote:
>
>> Yes, I know that you can not simply replace existing value objects with
>> value types when executing old pre-values-types code. Such code must be
>> executed with objects.
>>
>> My idea is something along these lines:
>>
>> Declare value types as normal class (final with final fields), but add
>> secondary "value name" for it, e.g. like this:
>>
>> public final class *String *value *string *{
>>
>> ...
>> }
>>
>> When in your code you declare variable as "String" than it will work the
>> same as it works now (with identity, lock, null, etc..)
>>
>> But when you declare variable as "string", you basically say that:
>>
>> - I don't care about identity and locking and don't plan to use it
>> - this will never be null.
>>
>> Which gives JVM option to store and pass it "by value" instead of "by
>> reference".
>>
>>
>>
>>
>> On Thu, Jan 8, 2015 at 3:24 PM, Vitaly Davidovich <vitalyd at gmail.com>
>> wrote:
>>
>>  I don't think this has been ignored, certainly not on the recent traffic
>>> on this mailing list.
>>>
>>> I think the short answer to the "can existing classes that are value
>>> objects be migrated to value types with no client change" is probably no.
>>> The reason, or one of them, is that there's no way to know (without
>>> analyzing all usages) whether client code uses object features of said
>>> object (e.g. uses reference identity comparison, locks on an instance,
>>> etc).
>>>
>>> In your rephrasing, "works like a class" implies identity of the object
>>> and can be synchronized on.  That's not what VT is of course.
>>>
>>> Sent from my phone
>>> On Jan 8, 2015 9:17 AM, "Palo Marton" <palo.marton at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>
>>>  My question is not just about String but about all existing value types.
>>>> There are many of them in current java code (both JDK and user code).
>>>> Current proposal seems to ignore them.
>>>>
>>>> I think that the original idea of VT:
>>>>
>>>> "Codes like a class, works like an int!"
>>>>
>>>> can be changed to:
>>>>
>>>> "Codes like a class, works like class, but can be stored and passed as
>>>> int!"
>>>>
>>>> as the problem with current value objects (like String) is not with the
>>>> fact that they are objects, but in how they are stored in memory and
>>>> passed
>>>> between functions.
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> On Thu, Jan 8, 2015 at 3:02 PM, Vitaly Davidovich <vitalyd at gmail.com>
>>>> wrote:
>>>>
>>>>  I had a suspicion this would be the gist.  However, I think better
>>>>> solution is to simply change string to have inline storage of the
>>>>> data, so
>>>>> no indirection to the char[].  Ultimately, the string data will have to
>>>>> live on the heap one way or another,  but it'd be nice if String had
>>>>> that
>>>>> data inlined into its storage so when you load address of string you
>>>>> get
>>>>> the data at a small fixed offset from that address.
>>>>>
>>>>> Sent from my phone
>>>>> On Jan 8, 2015 8:54 AM, "Peter Levart" <peter.levart at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>>  On 01/08/2015 02:50 PM, Vitaly Davidovich wrote:
>>>>>>
>>>>>>  Why do you want string to be value type? What problem (s) will that
>>>>>>> address?
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>> String as a value type would eliminate one indirection. If would
>>>>>> effectively become an immutable char[] with a bunch of operations.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Peter
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>  Sent from my phone
>>>>>>> On Jan 8, 2015 7:04 AM, "Palo Marton" <palo.marton at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>   Thank you for response. I have read that thread. But apart from
>>>>>>> first
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> few
>>>>>>>> messages it seems to deal with something else - mutable types.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> My idea with rewriting String as value is not about changing meaning
>>>>>>>> of
>>>>>>>> java.lang.String. That identifier should still mean heap object with
>>>>>>>> identity, null, etc... The idea is to give a new name for string
>>>>>>>> value,
>>>>>>>> e.g. java.lang.string (lowercase s), or just "string". So "String"
>>>>>>>> will be
>>>>>>>> boxed version of "string" and all old pre-value-types code will use
>>>>>>>> only
>>>>>>>> boxed objects as before and there will be no semantic change. In new
>>>>>>>> code
>>>>>>>> you will use "string" in most cases, but you can use also "String"
>>>>>>>> in
>>>>>>>> places where you need it.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>   From what I have read there are no plans to support something like
>>>>>>>> that. Am
>>>>>>>> I right?
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Reason why I am asking this is that some time ago I was thinking
>>>>>>>> about
>>>>>>>> value types in java and how they should be implemented in JVM. My
>>>>>>>> idea
>>>>>>>> about how to implement it in JVM was somehow different, but it can
>>>>>>>> support
>>>>>>>> this old-code / new-code compatibility.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On Thu, Jan 8, 2015 at 11:42 AM, Richard Warburton <
>>>>>>>> richard.warburton at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>   Hi,
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Will it be possible (within valhalla) to rewrite java String as
>>>>>>>>> value
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>  type
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>  in JDK and use it in all places in JDK where it makes sense? (eg.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Class.forName(string), Object.toString(),
>>>>>>>>>> Integer.parseInt(string).
>>>>>>>>>> …)
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Or more general question:
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> There are already plenty of “value objects” in existing java code.
>>>>>>>>>> In
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>  JDK
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>  we have, String, File, Point2D,... Also many people have already
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>  declared
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>  their own class Point { final x,y; } and similar objects. Once we
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> move
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>  to
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>  value types in java, will it be possible to rewrite these to value
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> types
>>>>>>>>>> without breaking compatibility with old pre-value-types code? E.g.
>>>>>>>>>> if I
>>>>>>>>>> change my Point object to value type in my library, can this new
>>>>>>>>>> library
>>>>>>>>>> (jar) still be used in other projects that were written before
>>>>>>>>>> this
>>>>>>>>>> change?
>>>>>>>>>> And without need to recompile those other projects?
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> See this thread:
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>   http://mail.openjdk.java.net/pipermail/valhalla-dev/2015-
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> January/000546.html
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>  regards,
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>     Richard Warburton
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>     http://insightfullogic.com
>>>>>>>>>     @RichardWarburto <http://twitter.com/richardwarburto>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>


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